In a broad sense, cytology refers to the art and science of diagnosing disease through the examination of small tissue samples which consist primarily of individual cells, typically collected by brushing or scraping an epithelial surface or by aspirating a mass or fluid collection.
Some of the more common cytologic specimens include cervical brushings for Pap smears, fine needle aspirations of thyroid nodules, body fluids such as pleural effusions, abdominal ascites, or bladder washings. Cytopathologists also work closely with interventional radiology to provide rapid interpretation of tissue specimens collected during image-guided biopsy procedures to determine if diagnostic tissue is present. When appropriate, cytopathologists themselves can collect tissue samples through performance of fine needle aspiration for superficial lesions. After thoughtful microscopic examination of the specimen, the cytopathologist generates a report detailing the diagnosis and other pertinent findings. This information is vital for clinical diagnosis and treatment planning.
Our faculty are actively involved in a wide range of multidisciplinary research collaborations, with recent publications in the following topics of interest:
- Pelvic Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
- Disseminated Histoplasma
- Pleural Fluid Extramedullary Hematopoiesis
- Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma
- Polyomavirus Immunohistochemistry
- Metastatic Melanoma
- Glucocorticoid-Responsive Lymphocytic Parathyroiditis
- Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasms
- Transistor-like pH Nanoprobe for Tumor Detection
- Optical Imaging of Folate Receptor-B in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Head and Neck Neuroendocrine Tumors
- Pap Diagnosis of Endocervical Adenocarcinoma in Situ