Medical Student & Resident Education

The Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease provides educational opportunities for medical students and pediatric residents in addition to our accredited fellowship program.

Pediatric Infectious Diseases is a consultative service, in which we interact with all divisions in the department and assist in the management of children with a variety of underlying medical problems. Most consultations involve hospitalized patients, but there are general infectious disease and HIV/AIDS clinics in which patients are managed. Medical students can elect to work in these clinics under supervision of the fellows and faculty. The elective rotation is open to third- and fourth-year medical students and pediatric residents, the latter being given more autonomy because of their greater clinical experience. Visitors from other medical schools and residency training programs are welcome.

The goals for the elective rotation include:

  • Develop differential diagnoses for common pediatric infectious disease problems and learn appropriate management strategies for these diseases.
  • Become familiar with appropriate laboratory tests for bacterial, viral, and fungal infections and understand the basis for interpretation of results.
  • Learn appropriate antibiotic management for common community-acquired infections in infants and children.
  • Develop an understanding of antibiotic usage and resistance in order to understand resistance patterns of clinical relevance.
  • Develop an appreciation of hospital epidemiology and public health preventive measures in pediatric infectious diseases:
    • Principles of routes of transmission and preventive precautions.
    • Understanding which diseases must be reported to the County health department.
    • Familiarity with websites that may be consulted for the most up-to-date information.
    • Immunizations: scientific basis for currently recommended vaccination issues, VAERS, etc.
    • Blood/body fluid exposure prevention.
  • Case management/discharge planning for patients with infections requiring prolonged courses of antimicrobial therapy.


The student’s or resident’s performance is judged principally by case presentations, interpretation of clinical and laboratory information, and comprehension of the appropriate management and the daily follow-up of cases. Other factors include interest in acquiring new information by reading and discussion, the ability to interact with patients and their families, and with the faculty and fellows. The attending faculty member will discuss performance with each student. The rotator’s assessment of the division’s teaching and patient care activities is determined by completion of an evaluation form by all students and residents at the end of the 4-week rotation.