Faculty Members Publish New Manuscript & Research Paper!
A number of UT Southwestern faculty and researchers - including some from Pathology - have released new publications! Please join us in congratulating them for their accomplishments!
UT Southwestern Researchers Publish New Manuscript
Faculty & Researchers involved: Esra A Akbay Ph.D.; Mingrui Zhu; Yi Huang; Matthew E Bender; Luc Girard, Ph.D.; Rahul Kollipara; Buse Polat, M.D.; Trisha K Savage; Kenneth E. Huffman, Ph.D.; John D. Minna, M.D.; Jane E. Johnson, Ph.D.
Journal: Cancer Research
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a pulmonary neuroendocrine cancer with very poor prognosis and limited effective therapeutic options. Most patients are diagnosed at advanced stages, and the exact reason for the aggressive and metastatic phenotype of SCLC is completely unknown. Despite a high tumor mutational burden, responses to immune checkpoint blockade are minimal in SCLC patients. This may reflect defects in immune surveillance. Here we illustrate that evading NK surveillance contributes to SCLC aggressiveness and metastasis, primarily through loss of NK cell recognition of these tumors by reduction of NK-activating ligands (NKG2DL). SCLC primary tumors expressed very low level of NKG2DL mRNA and SCLC lines express little to no surface NKG2DL at the protein level. ChIP-Seq showed NKG2DL loci in SCLC are inaccessible compared to NSCLC, with few H3K27Ac signals. Restoring NKG2DL in preclinical models suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in an NK cell-dependent manner. Likewise, HDAC inhibitor treatment induced NKG2DL expression and led to tumor suppression by inducing infiltration and activation of NK and T cells. Among all the common tumor types, SCLC and neuroblastoma were the lowest NKG2DL-expressing tumors, highlighting a lineage dependency of this phenotype. In conclusion, these data show that epigenetic silencing of NKG2DL results in a lack of stimulatory signals to engage and activate NK cells, highlighting the underlying immune avoidance of SCLC and neuroblastoma.
PATH Faculty Member Publishes New Paper
PATH Faculty Involved: Wenxin Zheng, M.D.
Journal: Research Square
Recent advances suggest the fallopian tube as the main anatomic site for high-grade ovarian or pelvic serous carcinoma (O/PSC). Human fallopian tube is mainly lined by two cell types, secretory and ciliated cells. The study revealed that the absolute number of tubal ciliated cells decreased significantly with age within each group. The findings suggest that reduced number of ciliated cells within the fallopian tube represents a hallmark of early serous carcinogenesis.