Maintenance Chemotherapy Versus Consolidative Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Plus Maintenance Chemotherapy for Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Randomized Phase II Trial

Study ID
STU 092013-070

Cancer Related

Healthy Volunteers

Study Sites

  • Clements University Hospital
  • UT Southwestern Ambulatory Services
  • Parkland Health & Hospital System

Suprabha Pulipparacharuvil

Principal Investigator
Puneeth Iyengar, M.D., Ph.D.

Official Title

Maintenance Chemotherapy Versus Consolidative Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Plus Maintenance Chemotherapy for Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Randomized Phase II Trial

Brief Overview

The core hypothesis to be tested is that the use of consolidative SBRT followed by
maintenance chemotherapy in patients with less than or equal to 6 metastatic sites (primary
+ 5) will improve progression free survival (PFS) compared to maintenance chemotherapy


This protocol is a randomized phase II trial of maintenance chemotherapy versus
consolidative Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) plus maintenance chemotherapy for
patients with Stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Prior to accrual on the trial, patients with Stage IV NSCLC will be treated with standard
first-line chemotherapy. Patients who achieve a partial response or stable disease by
imaging criteria with fewer than or equal to six sites of oligometastatic disease will be
randomized to maintenance chemotherapy or consolidative SBRT to all sites of disease
(followed by maintenance chemotherapy at the medical oncologist's discretion). Choices of
first line and maintenance chemotherapy will be determined by the medical oncologist based
on clinical appropriateness.

Participant Eligibility

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients must have biopsy proven metastatic NSCLC (Stage IV).

2. Patients must have received first line chemotherapy, from 4-6 cycles, and achieved
stable disease or a partial response.

3. Patients receiving first-line erlotinib, gefitinib, or crizotinib for EGFR
mutant-positive or EML4-ALK positive NSCLC will be excluded.

4. Age ≥ 18 years

5. Patients must have measurable disease at baseline.

6. Patients can have up to only 6 discrete active extracranial lesions (≤3 in the liver
and ≤3 in the lung) identified by PET scan and also seen on correlative plain film,
CT scan, or MRI within 8 weeks prior to the initiation of SBRT.

1. For patients who have received prior radiotherapy to the primary site in the
lung, residual PET activity is difficult to interpret and will not be considered
a site of active disease if the CT appearance is stable or improved over an
interval of at least three months

2. Patients who previously received radiotherapy to the primary site will be
ineligible if there is CT evidence of disease progression within the past 3

3. Patients with previously un-irradiated primary sites will be potentially
eligible, but special considerations apply.

4. Up to 2 contiguous vertebral metastases will be considered a single site of

7. Patients must have a KPS >60

8. AST, ALT & Alkaline phosphates must be ≤ 2.5X the upper limit of normal. Total
bilirubin must be within the limit of normal.

9. Patients should have adequate bone marrow function as defined by peripheral
granulocyte count of ≥1500/mm³.

10. Patients should have adequate renal function (serum creatinine ≤1.5 times the ULN).

11. Females of childbearing potential should have a negative pregnancy test.

12. Patients who would be receiving SBRT for lung tumors who are known or suspected by
the treating radiation oncologist to have compromised lung function must have a
documented forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) ≥ 1L.

13. Patients must provide verbal and written informed consent to participate in the

14. Total bilirubin: within normal institutional limits

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients who previously received radiotherapy to the primary site with CT evidence of
disease progression at the primary site within 3 months following the initial

2. Patients with either untreated brain metastases or brain metastases treated within
the past three months are ineligible

3. Patients with serious, uncontrolled, concurrent infection(s).

4. Significant weight loss (>10%) in the prior 3 months.

5. Because the tolerance dose of SBRT to the gastrointestinal tract is not established,
patients with metastatic disease invading the esophagus, stomach, intestines, or
mesenteric lymph nodes will not be eligible.

6. Patients with cutaneous metastasis of NSCLC.

7. Treatment for other carcinomas within the last five years, except cured non-melanoma
skin and treated in-situ cancers.

8. Patients with more than 6 discrete extra-cranial lesions.

9. Participation in any investigational drug study within 4 weeks preceding the start of
study treatment.

10. Unwillingness to participate or inability to comply with the protocol for the
duration of the study.

11. Patients who are pregnant. Patients with reproductive capability will need to use
adequate contraception during the time of participation in the study