Breast Screening & Patient Navigation (BSPAN2): Evaluating a De-Centralized Regional Delivery System for Rural Underserved
We will expand BSPAN and amp;apos;s reach and sustainability by systematizing how to enable counties to assume responsibility for one or two of the components while Moncrief/UTSW continues to provide centralized financial review and reimbursement as the Texas BCCS contractor. We will prospectively identify which counties have the necessary program capacity, then test whether implementation of BSPAN tailored to a county and amp;apos;s capacity and local needs can lead to equivalent program success in an additional 12 rural counties (BSPAN2 total= 17 counties). Findings will be used to develop a model by which BSPAN benefits can be brought to rural communities across the country.
We will use a readiness assessment criteria (RAC) to gauge county capacity and readiness for BSPAN program implementation. The goal of our evaluation is to demonstrate whether a regional decentralized delivery (hub-and-spoke) model can be sustained and increase program reach to underserved rural women. The RAC tool serves two purposes: 1) to determine county capacity and 2) harness program data to facilitate communication during operations between a central BSPAN hub and each county partner (spokes).
Our evaluation will analyze county training and implementation of BSPAN program components, and comprehensive screening processes of the hub and spoke model. We will use county site visits and selected interviews of participants and staff to gain insight into factors at the participant and county levels that facilitate adoption and implementation of comprehensive screening processes, in conjunction with key quantitative metrics and process outcomes.
We will apply the Glasgow RE-AIM model to guide our evaluation of BSPAN program component implementation in each county. RE-AIM specifies dimensions at the participant and organizational levels. Dimensions are defined as the intervention[Right Quote]s: 1) Reach into the target population, 2) Effectiveness in modifying risk, 3) Adoption by target settings, 4) consistent Implementation, and 5) Maintenance of its effects among participants and target settings. Our mixed-methods approach will enable focus at both the individual and organizational levels and has been successfully used to assess other similar screening and health promotion programs.
Human subjects in this project will consist of both selected patients who speak English and/or Spanish, ages 40-64, seeking mammography screening services through the BSPAN program; and selected key county actors who facilitate mammography screening in the counties served by the BSPAN program.
• Inclusion criteria for patient participants include: adult females age 40-64, able to read, speak and comprehend English or Spanish, the capacity to comprehend study information, and ability to communicate with voice (to participate in interviews).
• Inclusion criteria for key county actors include: involved in facilitation of mammography screening services in the counties served by the BSPAN program. Both women and men will be eligible to participate. No racial or ethnic group will be excluded from participation.