UT Southwestern in the News — June to July 2008

The Takeaway (NPR): A hormone called ghrelin makes you hungry... and happy (July 31, 2008)
When we feel hungry, our bodies actually get a boost from a hunger hormone called ghrelin. New research in mice suggests that ghrelin's primary purpose is actually stress relief. Hunger is a side-effect. Guest: Dr. Michael Lutter, UT Southwestern.

ABC News: Weighing in on Depression (July 31, 2008)
New research published in the journal Nature Neuroscience this month may shed some light on the biological relationship between depression and appetite. Researchers at the
UT Southwestern sought to explore the mood-food relationship to ghrelin by using mice. Read More

WFAA: Fad diet claims weight loss in 3 days (July 29, 2008)
Dr. David W. Markham, a cardiologist at UT Southwestern, comments on a fad diet circulating on the Internet claims people can lose 10 pounds in three days by following its all-day menu.

CBS11: Fructose intake could affect weight loss (July 29, 2008)
According to researchers at UT Southwestern, one reason low-carb diets work is because of the accompanying reduction of fructose intake. Experts explain noticeable weight loss when a dieter limits their processed carbohydrates; because of those items contain high-fructose corn syrup.

NBC5: Some carbs turn to fat fast in body (July 28, 2008)
People on low-carb diets lose weight in part because they get less fructose, a type of sugar that can be made into body fat quickly, according to research by UT Southwestern's Dr. Elizabeth Parks. Read More

The New York Times: Does fructose make you fatter? (July 25, 2008)

In a small study, Texas researchers showed that the body converts fructose to body fat with “surprising speed,'’ said Dr. Elizabeth Parks, associate professor of clinical nutrition at UT Southwestern. Read More

Los Angeles Times: Try cutting fruit sugar to lose weight (July 25, 2008)
A study published in the new issue of the Journal of Nutrition suggests that one of the reasons people on low-carbohydrate diets lose weight is that they reduce their intake of fructose. The study was led by UT Southwestern's Dr. Elizabeth Parks, associate professor of clinical nutrition. Read More

Associated Press: Man offers $1 billion for breast cancer cure (July 25, 2008)
Mike Dewey has a plan to eliminate breast cancer: He's offering $1 billion to the person who discovers the cure. UT Southwestern's Dr. David Euhus, professor of surgery, comments.

UPI: Fructose turns into body fat quickly (July 25, 2008)
A U.S. study shows that humans make body fat from fructose with surprising speed, researchers said. Dr. Elizabeth Parks of UT Southwestern said fructose, glucose and sucrose are all forms of sugar but are metabolized differently. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: Mike Myers, Kern Wildenthal to enter Texas Business Hall
of Fame (July 23, 2008)
Four Texas business legends, including two from Dallas — Mike Myers, chairman and president of Myers Financial Corp., and UT Southwestern Medical Center president Dr. Kern Wildenthal — have been selected for induction into the Texas Business Hall of Fame on Nov. 6 at the Hilton Anatole hotel in Dallas.

The Dallas Morning News: How getting a good night's sleep helps during the day (July 22, 2008)
Dr. Nilesh Davé comments on the benefits of getting the proper amount of sleep.

The Dallas Morning News: Need better sleep? Try yoga techniques (July 22, 2008)
It's not clear what keeps some folks from getting a good night's sleep, but something does. UT Southwestern's Dr. Benjamin Levine comments.

UPI: Shots needed before heading abroad (July 22, 2008)
Travelers headed to the Beijing Olympics or other international destinations should get vaccinations early, a U.S. infectious-disease specialist said. Dr. Doug Hardy of
UT Southwestern and Children's Medical Center Dallas said people headed overseas are more likely to develop traveler's diarrhea than a serious disease but it's better to be safe than sorry. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: Sleep clinics help teens get a good night's sleep (July 22, 2008)
If your teen has trouble falling asleep at night, experts may have the answer. Sleep issues are common among adolescents, according to Dr. John Herman, a professor of psychiatry at UT Southwestern Medical Center and a sleep disorders specialist.

WFAA's Good Morning Texas: Life behind the scenes on ABC's drama ‘Hopkins’ (July 17, 2008)Dr. Brian Bethea, now a cardiothoracic surgeon at UT Southwestern, is featured prominently in a summer television series.

ABC News: Experts debate value of breast self-exams (July 17, 2008)
A review published in the Cochrane Library in 2003 suggested that teaching and encouraging women to conduct self-screening may be of little if any use when it comes to decreasing the death risk from breast cancer. And, in the latest update to this review, which Cochrane released today, Danish researchers further downplay the importance of breast self examination. UT Southwestern’s Dr. David Euhus comments. Read More

Chicago Public Radio: Global warming and kidney stones? (July 16, 2008)
A study out this week by University of Texas researchers finds the U.S. could see millions of additional cases of kidney stone disease by mid-century, due to global warming. Listen 

Scientific American: Could global warming increase the incidence (July 16, 2008)
Add kidney stones to the growing list of possible consequences of global warming. A new study by UT Southwestern researchers warns that as many as 2.3 million more people may develop these mineral deposits in their kidneys by the year 2050 as the result of a warming world. Read More

NPR Marketplace: An unexpected pain of global warming (July 15, 2008)
A new study suggests that global warming could increase the incidence of kidney stones, causing physical pain for some and economic pain for the rest of us. Janet Babin reports. Listen

USA TODAY: Global warming may raise kidney stone risk (July 15, 2008)
Global warming could do more than hurt polar bears: It could force a rise in kidney stones, scientists warned Monday. "We see a relationship between kidney stones and temperatures everywhere," says study co-author Margaret Pearle of UT Southwestern. "Even in places with air conditioning, warmer temperatures mean more stones."
Read More

Bloomberg: Global warming may lead to more kidney stones, researchers say (July 15, 2008)
More Americans may develop kidney stones as global warming raises the risk of dehydration, according to a study in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Read More

Houston Chronicle: Global warming may be to blame more kidney stones (July 15, 2008)
The next time you feel a sharp, cramping pain in your lower abdomen, spare a thought for your personal carbon footprint. That's the message from Dallas scientists who predict that as the planet warms during the coming century people will sweat more, not drink enough water to compensate, and therefore develop more kidney stones. Read More

Reuters: Global warming may raise kidney stone cases: study (July 15, 2008)
One more unwanted consequence of global warming may be an increase in cases of kidney stones in areas with rising temperatures, UT Southwestern researchers said on Monday. The researchers used two mathematical models linking temperature to kidney-stone risk in the United States, and found that regions where the condition now is most common will expand in coming decades due to predicted rising temperatures. Read More

Science News: Rising temperatures would harm kidney health (July 15, 2008)
Global warming may turn out to be more than just a pain in the neck: Rising average temperatures might trigger an increased prevalence of kidney stones. One of the primary causes of these painful deposits is low urine volume, brought about either by low fluid intake or by increased fluid loss, says Margaret S. Pearle, a urologist at UT Southwestern. Read More

Chicago Tribune: Global warming to spark rise in kidney stone cases, study says (July 15, 2008)
Global warming could spark a rise in cases of kidney stones in Illinois and across the Midwest in the coming decades, according to a UT Southwestern study released Monday. The report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences is based on the solid medical finding that people in warm regions develop kidney stones at increased rates. Read More

LiveScience: Hunger Can Make You Happy (July 15, 2008)
Contrary to the moans of many dieters, being hungry may make you happy. Or, at least, it can be a serious motivator whose evolutionary intent was to help you find dinner instead of becoming dinner. When our bodies notice we need more calories, levels of a hormone called ghrelin increase. Ghrelin is known to spur hunger, but new research from
UT Southwestern researchers suggests this may be a side effect of its primary job as a stress-buster. Read More

The Washington Post: Protein thought to promote cancer does opposite (July 11, 2008)
UT Southwestern researchers have shown that a protein widely thought to promote colorectal cancer actually suppresses the growth of human cancer cells. Led by Dr. Lawrence Lum, assistant professor of cell biology, researchers used new technology to study the gene on the cancer cells. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: 3 Dallas hospitals make list of America's best (July 11, 2008)
Three Dallas hospitals — Baylor, Parkland, and UT Southwestern — have made U.S. News & World Report’s annual list of "America’s Best."

Chemical & Engineering News: Target of transcription-altering synthetic RNA is another RNA (July 11, 2008)

UT Southwestern researchers have identified the target of synthetic RNAs that can turn gene transcription on and off. The finding could lead to new ways of controlling gene expression in cells. Read More

Fort Worth Star-Telegram: Pediatricians say some kids may need to lower cholesterol with medication (July 11, 2008)
Under new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics, children as young as 8 who are at high risk of heart disease would take medications to reduce cholesterol. No one is saying every child with high cholesterol needs to be on medications, but there are some who really do need to be treated aggressively, said Dr. Sarah Blumenschein, a pediatric cardiologist and associate professor at UT Southwestern.

UPI: Hormones plus stress = baby blues (July 11, 2008)
A U.S. psychologist says emotional swings in new moms — called the "baby blues" — are quite common. Dr. Anna Brandon — staff psychologist of the Women's Mental Health Center at UT Southwestern — said symptoms include crying spells, sadness, irritability and difficulty sleeping. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: Cedar Hill native, medical school graduate honored (July 10, 2008)
After being diagnosed with Stage 3 Hodgkin's lymphoma the day after Christmas 2000, Dr. Benton Brown's plans were altered. On Nov. 18, Dr. Brown will mark seven years in remission. Yet the core of who he is still evolves around teaching and UT Southwestern — where he graduated in May and remains as a first-year resident. He also received UT Southwestern's 2008 Vanatta, Hesser, Schmalstieg Excellence in Tutoring Award.

UPI: Please, do not let kids eat the azaleas (July 10, 2008)
Many flowers commonly grown and displayed for their beauty are toxic if eaten and pose a threat to young children, especially toddlers, a U.S. expert says. "Choose those beautiful yard plants carefully because some of them can be toxic if ingested," said Dr. Kurt Kleinschmidt, a medical toxicologist and emergency medicine physician at
UT Southwestern. Read More

UPI: Heat rash can occur to anyone (July 8, 2008)
Rising temperatures and humidity across the United States can cause heat rash but a skin expert says there are ways to relieve the problem. Dr. Amit Pandya, a professor of dermatology at UT Southwestern, says the little red bumps of heat rash — also known as prickly heat — are more often found on the elderly, who often have trouble cooling off, and on babies but they can happen to anyone at any age. Read More

The New York Times: Uncommonly big hearts may not harm athletes (July 7, 2008)
Members of the U.S. Olympic rowing team have hearts that make cardiologists gasp in awe, hearts that are among the biggest ever seen in healthy people. UT Southwestern cardiologist Dr. Benjamin Levine comments on the phenomenon. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: How bones grow, heal and change (July 7, 2008)
The Dallas Morning News spoke with Dr. Joseph Borrelli Jr., professor and chairman of orthopedic surgery at UT Southwestern, and compiled additional research for this look at our bones, what puts them at risk, and how to take care of them so they can take care of us.

The New York Times: Uncommonly big hearts may not harm athletes (July 7, 2008)
Members of the U.S. Olympic rowing team have hearts that make cardiologists gasp in awe, hearts that are among the biggest ever seen in healthy people. UT Southwestern cardiologist Dr. Benjamin Levine comments on the phenomenon. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: Dream of becoming a doctor undeterred for Catalina Garcia (July 7, 2008)
From her home in El Segundo Barrio, wedged between downtown El Paso and the border, Catalina E. Garcia looked out toward the mountains and the big houses hugging the hillsides and dreamed of the day she'd live in a place like that. Garcia was one of the first Hispanic women to graduate from UT Southwestern Medical School.

Fort Worth Star-Telegram: Heavy sweating isn't funny (July 7, 2008)
Heavy sweating might be the stuff that crude jokes are made of, but for some 12 million Americans, perspiration is no laughing matter. Dr. Erin Welch, assistant professor of dermatology, comments on products to combat the condition.

Reuters: Black men often unaware of high blood pressure (July 3, 2008)
Men with high blood pressure, particularly African-American men, are often unaware they have the condition, according to a new study by UT Southwestern researchers. Read More

The New York Times: To beat the heat, learn to sweat it out (July 3, 2008)
Experts, including UT Southwestern's Dr. Craig Crandall, offer advice on the right way to exercise in the heat. Read More

The Boston Globe: Test can find tiny tumor level in blood (July 3, 2008)
Boston researchers have developed a test that can identify minute amounts of tumor cells floating in the blood of cancer patients, a discovery that could lead to better treatments with fewer side effects. UT Southwestern's Dr. Joan Schiller comments on the findings. Read More

UPI: Growth hormone might increase life span (July 2, 2008)
A U.S. study has linked growth hormone to starvation in what scientists say might be a clue to increasing life span and developing diabetes treatments. UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers used genetically altered mice in the study that found the actions of growth hormone are blocked during fasting by a fat-burning hormone called FGF21.
Read More

June 2008

The Dallas Morning News: Groups push Dallas to expand smoking ban (June 30, 2008)
UT Southwestern’s Dr. Amit Khera joined several anti-smoking representatives, who launched campaign aimed at persuading Dallas lawmakers to expand the city's smoking ordinance.

MSNBC: Cheeky study finds beauty secret in cadavers (June 26, 2008) Pushing the boundaries of science, researchers injected dye and latex into 14 cadavers to find the boundaries of four deeply seated facial fat compartments. Read More

Reuters: Amphetamine abuse tied to heart attack at young age (June 24, 2008)
Young adults who abuse amphetamines may be raising their risk of suffering a heart attack, a new study shows. UT Southwestern researchers found that among more than 3 million 18- to 44-year- olds hospitalized in Texas between 2000 and 2003, those who were abusing amphetamines were 61 percent more likely than non-users to be treated for a heart attack. Read More

WFAA: New chief at UT Southwestern Medical Center (June 20, 2008)
Dr. Daniel K. Podolsky was named Friday as the new president of UT Southwestern Medical Center.

London Times: Ghrelin stress hormone linked to comfort eating, say Texas researchers (June 17, 2008)
Comfort eating among people who are stressed or depressed may be explained by the action of a “hunger hormone,” according to UT Southwestern's Dr. Jeffrey Zigman. Read More

UPI: New molecule helps nerve stem cells mature (June 17, 2008)
UT Southwestern researchers have created a small molecule that stimulates nerve stem cells to begin maturing into nerve cells in culture. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: Brush up on your summer safety skills (June 11, 2008)
School's out, and long, lazy days of running in the park and splashing in the pool are in. Several UT Southwestern physicians offer advice for preventing summer-related accidents and injuries.

MSN: Fad diets wrong way to get bikini figure (June 11, 2008)

Fad diets may be the quickest way to weight loss but is not a healthy one, according Dr. Jo Ann Carson, professor of clinical nutrition.

St. Petersburg Times: Fat cells may help protect vital organs (June 10, 2008)
You should stop envying that guy who says he can eat as much as he wants without gaining a pound. Read More

U.S. News & World Report: Genetically engineered mice regenerate beta cells
(June 6, 2008)
Dr. Philipp Scherer, professor of internal medicine, led a study that may prove a major advance in type 1 diabetes research. Read More

NBC5: Physician named 'Hero of Emergency Medicine' (June 6, 2008)
The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) recognized Dr. Raymond L. Fowler, co-director for UT Southwestern's Section of EMS, Homeland Security and Disaster Medicine, as a “Hero of Emergency Medicine.” Read More

Reuters: Guideline would boost cholesterol drug use (June 6, 2008)
The number of U.S. adults on cholesterol-lowering medication could rise by one-quarter to one-half if doctors were to routinely scan adults' arteries for plaque buildup. Read More

NPR: Fewer U.S. High school students engage in risky behaviors (June 4, 2008)
Hispanic high school students are more likely to engage in risky health behaviors, including sexual intercourse, drug use, and suicide than white or black teens, UT Southwestern's Dr. Glenn Flores and other U.S. health officials said Wednesday. Listen

The New York Times: Evolution opponents adopt new strategy (June 4, 2008)
An alternative to the popular Botox wrinkle treatment promises more permanent results without utilizing injections, but has raised concern with some doctors. Read More

The Dallas Morning News: UT Southwestern gets a B in study (June 3, 2008)

While Dallas' UT Southwestern Medical School received the state's highest score, three other state medical schools got an F in a national study that measured the conflict of interest between such schools and the drug industry.

The Dallas Morning News: Putting energy drinks to the test (June 3, 2008)
The latest crop of energy drinks aim to do more than just wake you up.

Los Angeles Times: Bariatric surgery by itself isn't enough (June 2, 2008)
Dr. Abhimanyu Garg said bariatric surgery patients may also lack micronutrients. Read More