UTSW, UT advanced computing center share big-data tools in fight against cancer, infectious diseases
DALLAS – June 15, 2017 – UT Southwestern scientists who created a powerful analytic weapon in the fight against cancer and infectious diseases are making that tool available for free via a web-based portal.
The open-source VDJServer provides a data management framework and suite of analytic tools to study the genetic makeup of the disease-fighting receptors located on the surface of a class of white blood cells called lymphocytes. In order to recognize disease-causing pathogens, a well-functioning adaptive immune system creates millions of different proteins for use as cell surface receptors. That protein library is called the immune repertoire.
The new analytic tools – accessible via a web portal – run on high-performance computers at UT Austin’s Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC), said Dr. Lindsay Cowell, Associate Professor of Clinical Sciences at UT Southwestern Medical Center and leader of the team that developed the software at the core of project.
“A person’s adaptive immune system is remarkable in its ability to detect and respond to a vast and constantly changing array of pathogens and other threats. This response is possible due to the size and diversity of the immune repertoire, Dr. Cowell said.
“The VDJServer software portal provides access to sophisticated computational tools for analyzing immune repertoires in a high-performance computing environment for researchers who currently lack such access, particularly experimental scientists and clinical researchers without bioinformatics training.”
The software – developed with support from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases – is relevant for scientists studying a wide range of diseases as well as for basic science researchers investigating the development and function of the immune system. Applications of the software to cancer biology have increased in recent years as immunotherapies have been created to fight a variety of cancers by boosting the immune system’s response, she added.
The idea for VDJServer started with three UT Southwestern faculty members: Dr. Cowell; Dr. Nancy Monson, Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics and of Immunology; and Dr. Richard Scheuermann, who is now Director of Informatics at the J. Craig Venter Institute in San Diego. They teamed up with computational experts at the TACC.
“When high-throughput sequencing became a widely used technology, it was still difficult to apply it to sequencing immune repertoires,” Dr. Cowell said. In the last few years, technological advances have enabled the application of high-throughput sequencing to this area.
“We recognized there would be a need in the scientific community for computational tools to facilitate the analysis of the immune repertoire,” Dr. Cowell said.
The project took about a year of case analysis and planning and another year of basic infrastructure development followed by the addition of functionality and improvements to the web interface. Designing the portal to appeal intuitively to biologists without backgrounds in bioinformatics proved challenging, she said. The project launched in late 2016, although improvements continue.
Now the team’s challenge is scale – designing algorithms that enable increases in the size of the data sets that are analyzed or even to incorporate new kinds of computations, she said.
This summer and fall, Dr. Cowell and her team are conducting community outreach and user recruitment. The project, recently showcased on the TACC website, will be one of the resources discussed at the American Association of Immunologists’ Big Data Analysis in Immunology course in September.
About UT Southwestern Medical Center
UT Southwestern, one of the premier academic medical centers in the nation, integrates pioneering biomedical research with exceptional clinical care and education. The institution’s faculty has received six Nobel Prizes, and includes 22 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 18 members of the National Academy of Medicine, and 14 Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators. The faculty of more than 2,700 is responsible for groundbreaking medical advances and is committed to translating science-driven research quickly to new clinical treatments. UT Southwestern physicians provide care in about 80 specialties to more than 100,000 hospitalized patients, 600,000 emergency room cases, and oversee approximately 2.2 million outpatient visits a year.
Media Contact: Deborah Wormser
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